The type I diabetes is known as Juvenile diabetes or in other words it is also called insulin dependent diabetes. It is a chronic health condition during which there is little or no production of insulin. It is a severe form of diabetes with early onset. Remember that there is no cure for diabetes, once you suffer from the disease, the ultimate goal is to keep blood glucose levels at normal ranges as much as possible or else the high glucose level in the blood can cause serious damage to other organs of the body.
Symptoms of Juvenile diabetes:
The common symptoms which are seen associated with Juvenile diabetes are:
- More thirst and urge to urinate, in young kids it is characterized by bed wetting.
- Increased appetite accompanied by frequent loss of weight.
- Extreme mood swings and irritability is seen in people suffering from Juvenile diabetes.
- Weakness and fatigue even on moderate physical workouts.
- Visionary problems, blurred image formation.
- Females suffering from Juvenile diabetes tend to catch frequent vaginal infections.
- Slower healing of wounds is sometimes also seen associated with high blood glucose level.
What is the best time to contact your doctor?
If you feel two or more symptoms in you or your kid, consult your doctor immediately. Your doctor may ask some urine and blood tests for proper diagnosis.
How to treat Juvenile diabetes?
Once diagnosed by doctor, there are some therapies which doctor will recommend treating the type I diabetes.
- Count on carbohydrate along with administration of insulin. Insulin helps in carbohydrate metabolism.
- You may need more frequent monitoring of your blood sugar level.
- Intake of healthy and well balanced diet.
- A regular physical work out in the form of walk or exercise, helps in the maintenance of weight and keep you healthy.
- The type I diabetes is caused when pancreas fails to produce insulin in required amount; it means that once this happens, you need to get regular dose of insulin to maintain the blood glucose level.
- Insulin injections are generally administered in the body, you may be asked to learn injecting the insulin in your body yourself. Depending on the amount of blood glucose level and current state of disease, some people require two to four injections of insulin per day.
- As an alternate to insulin injections, insulin pumping therapy is also used sometimes. The insulin pump comprises of small device holding insulin. The pump is attached to the body with the help of a needle which is attached to the end of tubing, the pump ensures continues supply of insulin in the body, in this way you can keep the glucose level stable. The needle can be inserted in stomach, hips, thighs or arms. On the other hand, it is to be kept in mind that this therapy is not for everyone.
- Insulin pump therapy might be advised by diabetes care team if they find low blood glucose level in the body much frequently, the condition is known as hypoglycemia.