Type 1 diabetes also known as Diabetes mellitus type 1 is an autoimmune disease where the body does not produce insulin hormone which breaks down glucose in the bloodstream to the body cells to provide energy. This results to accumulation of sugar in the blood. This is detrimental to a normal human functioning body. Type 1 diabetes normally affects children and teenagers, but with the help of insulin therapy and other treatments, young children are able to manage this condition and live healthy lives just like everyone else.
The common symptoms of type 1 diabetes are fatigue, frequent urination (polyuria), increased hunger (polyphagia) and thirst (polydipsia), dry mouth, having a blurry vision, poor healing of wounds and losing weight. There is no known reason that causes diabetes type 1 or any known way to prevent it although it’s believed to have a genetic predilection. Basically what happens is that the insulin producing cells called beta cells found in the pancreas fail to produce the insulin hormone and hence leading to high blood sugar levels in the body and hence one basically depends on insulin therapy for survival. Insulin therapy is involves injecting exogenous insulin under the skin. This is accompanied with a proper diet and exercising. If type 1 diabetes is not treated it may lead to; diabetic ketoacidosis that is breathing rapidly, abdominal pain and vomiting, stroke, kidney failure, eye damage and heart disease. There are various types of insulin categorized by how fast they work in the body
According to a number of statistics be medical experts in various sectors, children are at higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes than adults. People with type 1 diabetes have a lower life span that’s losing by about a decade even with the modern improved treatments of diabetes type 1 and its complication. Men lose about 10-11 years and women 10-13 years of life expectancy. The most common reason being that the heart is most affected and poor management of the disease.
These early deaths can be simply prevented if standard care was received that is conducting blood sugar test throughout the day and constantly adjusting their blood sugar levels to the normal range and intensive treatment and hence one should have a quick access to a proper healthcare that is expertise in type 1, an endroconologist, a dietitian and a mental health specialist. Reducing blood pressure is also very important by eating healthy, relaxing, exercising and stopping smoking if one is a smoker. One can include other therapies like using herbs that have anti-diabetic properties for example bilberry extracts, cinnamon, ginger, okra, fenugreek and aloe vera, but it is very important to consult the doctor before trying out any of these herbs. One can also consider a pancreas transplant accompanied by a kidney transplant. It is an intricate procedure involving immunosuppression and insulin therapy. Islet transplantation is also another way of managing type 1 diabetes. A compatible donor is needed to get the new islets and proper medication for the side effects to survive. This is a temporary method that lasts about three years without needing insulin frequently.