Life Span of People with Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes also known as Diabetes mellitus type 1 is an autoimmune disease where the body does not produce insulin hormone which breaks down glucose in the bloodstream to the body cells to provide energy. This results to accumulation of sugar in the blood. This is detrimental to a normal human functioning body. Type 1 diabetes normally affects children and teenagers, but with the help of insulin therapy and other treatments, young children are able to manage this condition and live healthy lives just like everyone else.

The common symptoms of type 1 diabetes are fatigue, frequent urination (polyuria), increased hunger (polyphagia) and thirst (polydipsia), dry mouth, having a blurry vision, poor healing of wounds and losing weight. There is no known reason that causes diabetes type 1 or any known way to prevent it although it’s believed to have a genetic predilection. Basically what happens is that the insulin producing cells called beta cells found in the pancreas fail to produce the insulin hormone and hence leading to high blood sugar levels in the body and hence one basically depends on insulin therapy for survival. Insulin therapy is involves injecting exogenous insulin under the skin. This is accompanied with a proper diet and exercising. If type 1 diabetes is not treated it may lead to; diabetic ketoacidosis that is breathing rapidly, abdominal pain and vomiting, stroke, kidney failure, eye damage and heart disease. There are various types of insulin categorized by how fast they work in the body

According to a number of statistics be medical experts in various sectors, children are at higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes than adults. People with type 1 diabetes have a lower life span that’s losing by about a decade even with the modern improved treatments of diabetes type 1 and its complication. Men lose about 10-11 years and women 10-13 years of life expectancy. The most common reason being that the heart is most affected and poor management of the disease.

blood sugar monitorThese early deaths can be simply prevented if standard care was received that is conducting blood sugar test throughout the day and constantly adjusting their blood sugar levels to the normal range and intensive treatment and hence one should have a quick access to a proper healthcare that is expertise in type 1, an endroconologist, a dietitian and a mental health specialist. Reducing blood eating healthypressure is also very important by eating healthy, relaxing, exercising and stopping smoking if one is a smoker. One can include other therapies like using herbs that have anti-diabetic properties for example bilberry extracts, cinnamon, ginger, okra, fenugreek and aloe vera, but it is very important to consult the doctor before trying out any of these herbs. One can also consider a pancreas transplant accompanied by a kidney transplant. It is an intricate procedure involving immunosuppression and insulin therapy. Islet transplantation is also another way of managing type 1 diabetes. A compatible donor is needed to get the new islets and proper medication for the side effects to survive. This is a temporary method that lasts about three years without needing insulin frequently.

What are the Symptoms of Juvenile Diabetes and How to Treat it

The type I diabetes is known as Juvenile diabetes or in other words it is also called insulin dependent diabetes. It is a chronic health condition during which there is little or no production of insulin. It is a severe form of diabetes with early onset. Remember that there is no cure for diabetes, once you suffer from the disease, the ultimate goal is to keep blood glucose levels at normal ranges as much as possible or else the high glucose level in the blood can cause serious damage to other organs of the body.

Symptoms of Juvenile diabetes:

The common symptoms which are seen associated with Juvenile diabetes are:

  • More thirst and urge to urinate, in young kids it is characterized by bed wetting.
  • Increased appetite accompanied by frequent loss of weight.
  • Extreme mood swings and irritability is seen in people suffering from Juvenile diabetes.
  • Weakness and fatigue even on moderate physical workouts.
  • Visionary problems, blurred image formation.
  • Females suffering from Juvenile diabetes tend to catch frequent vaginal infections.
  • Slower healing of wounds is sometimes also seen associated with high blood glucose level.

What is the best time to contact your doctor?

If you feel two or more symptoms in you or your kid, consult your doctor immediately. Your doctor may ask some urine and blood tests for proper diagnosis.

How to treat Juvenile diabetes?

Once diagnosed by doctor, there are some therapies which doctor will recommend treating the type I diabetes.

  • Count on carbohydrate along with administration of insulin. Insulin helps in carbohydrate metabolism.
  • blood sugar monitorYou may need more frequent monitoring of your blood sugar level.
  • Intake of healthy and well balanced diet.
  • A regular physical work out in the form of walk or exercise, helps in the maintenance of weight and keep you healthy.
  • The type I diabetes is caused when pancreas fails to produce insulin in required amount; it means that once this happens, you need to get regular dose of insulin to maintain the blood glucose level.
  • Insulin injections are generally administered in the body, you may be asked to learn injecting the insulin in your body yourself. Depending on the amount of blood glucose level and current state of disease, some people require two to four injections of insulin per day.
  • insulin pumpAs an alternate to insulin injections, insulin pumping therapy is also used sometimes. The insulin pump comprises of small device holding insulin. The pump is attached to the body with the help of a needle which is attached to the end of tubing, the pump ensures continues supply of insulin in the body, in this way you can keep the glucose level stable. The needle can be inserted in stomach, hips, thighs or arms. On the other hand, it is to be kept in mind that this therapy is not for everyone.
  • Insulin pump therapy might be advised by diabetes care team if they find low blood glucose level in the body much frequently, the condition is known as hypoglycemia.

What is Juvenile Diabetes and What Causes it?

Juvenile diabetes is Type 1 Diabetes which happens when the immune system of an individual damages beta cells which are found in the pancreas. Beta cells make the hormone called insulin. Insulin supplies cells with energy to supply sugar and glucose to the rest of the body. When juvenile diabetes destroys beta cells responsible for fueling cells, glucose and sugar pile up in the body and thus leads to high blood sugar.

Who Gets Juvenile Diabetes?

Despite the fact that juvenile diabetes is a very rare type of diabetes and only 5% of the people with diabetes have it, it mostly affects children aged between 4-7 years and also those aged between 10-14 years. However juvenile diabetes does not affect children only but also adults.

Symptoms

The symptoms of juvenile diabetes are mild and become worse if not treated. Such symptoms include;

  1. Pain in the bellystomach pain
  2. Nausea and vomiting
  3. Increased hunger and especially after eating
  4. Frequent skin and urinary tract infections
  5. Dry mouth
  6. Heavy thirst
  7. Weight loss
  8. Having a blurred vision

Causes of juvenile diabetes

  • Family history

Even though doctors don’t know all the things that cause type one diabetes, they strongly believe that a person who has a person with juvenile diabetes in their family are most likely to develop the condition. The person could either be the sibling or the parent.

  • Geographical position from the equator

Juvenile diabetes tends to affect people who live far away from the equator. This is because it increases as one travels away from the equator. The highest number of people with juvenile diabetes is from Finland and Sardinia. This is three times more the number of people living with juvenile diabetes in the US and 400 times the number of people with this type of diabetes in Venezuela.

  • Genetics

There are some certain genes that are more prone to juvenile diabetes as compared to other genes. Juvenile diabetes can be passed from one generation to the other.

  • Autoantibodies

This is an attack that causes the immune system to destroy or go after the pancreas. This takes place as a result of one’s immune system responding to a threat to the immune system. An example of such threat is when the immune system detects a virus in the environment. Such viruses include mumps virus, Epstein- Barr virus and also cytomegalovirus.

  • Pregnancy preeclampsia

Children whose mothers had preeclampsia are more susceptible to develop juvenile diabetes. Preeclampsia is a disorder characterized by high blood pressure and having a significant amount of protein in the urine.

  • cow's milkEarly consumption of cow’s milk

Children who are exposed to cow’s milk at early stages before they finish their breastfeeding are also susceptible to suffer from juvenile diabetes.

  • Infant jaundice

Children born with jaundice tend to suffer juvenile diabetes more than those who are born without. Jaundice is a yellow or greenish discoloration of the skin and eyes.

People with juvenile diabetes live long lives if they regulate their blood sugar levels.